The Benefits of Terpenes

Terpenes are often overshadowed by cannabinoids; however, terpenes is one of the primary compounds found in cannabis. However, within the cannabis industry, terpenes is becoming a more commonly heard word. Many people wonder what terpenes are. To put it simply, terpenes are the aromatic hydrocarbons found essential oils.

These compounds have been shown to have unique fragrance characterizations that many medicinal cannabis users look for when using cannabis. As scientific investigations uncover the benefits of cannabis, more and more research has proven that these terpenes offer many therapeutic benefits to users. The research has also shown that these molecules offer synergistic effects when the whole plant of cannabis is used. This is referred to as an entourage effect.

Terpenes are one of the most common compounds found in both medical marijuana and recreational marijuana. These compounds are also becoming well-known in hemp-derived CBD. As research is done and evidence uncovered, the role of each type of terpenes is becoming well-documented. These compounds offer a number of medical benefits that should be considered by anyone using medical marijuana.

What Are The Popular Types of Terpenes Found In Cannabis?

Cannabis has over 100 different terpenes. A few of these terpenes are found abundantly in cannabis. Let’s take a look at the most well-known compounds that are found in cannabis.

  1. Linalool Terpene Compound

Linalool is found in hundreds of kinds of plants. This compound is often used as a sleep aid. Research has shown that linalool can be used to relieve a large range of ailments.

  • Formula – C10H180
  • Boiling Poing – 388°F (198°C)
  • Molar Mass – 154.25 g/mol
  • Aroma – Floral
  • Potential Effects – Sedative qualities and mood enhancement benefits
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – Can be used to relieve depression and anxiety, decrease inflammation and pain, treat cancers and neurodegenerative diseases and relieve insomnia
  • Also Found In – citrus, coriander, birch, lavender, laurels and rosewood
  1. Limonene Terpene Compound

D-limonene is a cyclic terpene that offers a host of uses. This compound is often found in citrus cleaners and has a low risk of causing an allergic reaction due to its low toxicity levels. The molecule is vital in medicinal cannabis because it helps improve the absorption of cannabinoids and terpenes in the mucous membranes, digestive tract and the skin, which helps to increase the bioavailability of terpenes and other beneficial compounds found in cannabis.

  • Formula – C10H16
  • Boiling Poing – 349°F (176°C)
  • Molar Mass – 136.13 g/mol
  • Aroma – Citrus
  • Potential Effects – Stress reducer and mood enhancement benefits
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – Can be used to reduce pain and inflammation, stimulate the immune system, acts as an anti-tumor treatment, relieves anxiety and depression and protects against and treats fungal infections
  • Also Found In – fruit rinds, peppermint, juniper and rosemary
  1. Humulene Terpene Compound
  • Formula – C15H24
  • Boiling Poing – 388°F (198°C)
  • Molar Mass – 204.19 g/mol
  • Aroma – Hoppy, woody
  • Potential Effects – anti-inflammatory and appetite suppressant
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – Provides antibacterial protection and acts as an anti-tumor treatment
  • Also Found In – hops, coriander, cloves and basil
  1. Beta-Myrcene Terpene

β-Myrcene is one of the best known and most important monoterpenes found in cannabis. This compound is a precursor similar to several other types of terpenes and offers a host of effects and benefits. Beta-myrcene terpene reduces the resistance across the blood-brain barrier. This potent terpene speeds up the absorption rate of other compounds found in cannabis, including cannabinoids.

Research has shown that Beta-Myrcene increases the CB1 receptors saturation levels, which increases the psychoactive effects when THC is consumed. This compound works through myrcene-rich strains, or if you eat foods that are rich in myrcene, such as mangoes. These should be consumed approximately 45 minutes before THC is inhaled.

  • Formula- C10H16
  • Boiling Point- 334°F (168°C)
  • Molar Mass- 136.13 g/mol
  • Aroma – Cardamon, musk, earthy, cloves, herbal
  • Potential Effects – Increases relaxation, sedative properties and increase the effect of cannabinoid
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – Provides anti-spasm properties, relieves pain, reduces inflammation and provides antioxidant protection
  • Also Found In – lemongrass, hops, mangoes, bay leaves, eucalyptus
  1. Phytol Terpene Compound

When chlorophyll degrades, phytol is created. This oily diterpene is used by the body to synthesize vitamin E and vitamin K.

  • Formula – C20H40O
  • Boiling Poing – 399.2 °F (204 °C)
  • Molar Mass – 296.53 g/mol
  • Aroma – Floral, balsamic
  • Potential Effects – Immunosuppressant
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – Reduces itching and can be used in the treatment of wounds
  1. Citronellol Terpene Compound

Citronellol has been used for over 2,000 years as a natural insect repellent, prevent mosquito exposure and protect against moth damage of fabrics.

  • Formula – C10h20O
  • Boiling Poing – 437°F (255°C)
  • Molar Mass – 156.27 g/mol
  • Aroma – floral
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – Provides antibacterial protection and acts as an anti-tumor treatment
  • Also Found In – Roses, perennials, shrubs and succulents
  1. Caryophyllene-Oxide Terpene Compound

When beta-caryophyllene oxidizes, caryophyllene oxide occurs. This molecule offers anti-tumor and anti-fungal properties. This compound is often used in the medicinal hemp field because it plays an important role in the uptake of CBD and CBC in the CB2 receptors in the brain. It is also believed that this terpene is the only one found in cannabis that acts as a CB2 receptor.

  • Formula – C15H240
  • Boiling Poing – 495°F (257°C)
  • Molar Mass – 220.35 g/mol
  • Potential Effects – anti-inflammatory properties
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – Acts as a local anesthetic, anti-tumor protections, antifungal and antioxidant protection and treating cancer
  • Also Found In – cloves, hops and rosemary
  1. Alpha-Pinene Terpene Compound
  • Formula – C10H16
  • Boiling Poing – 311°F (155°C)
  • Molar Mass – 136.12 g/mol
  • Aroma – Sweet pine
  • Potential Effects – Counteracts the psychoactive potency in THC
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – Cancer treatment, relieves inflammation, asthma, pain, anxiety and ulcers
  • Also Found In – pine needles, dill, parsley and rosemary
  1. Beta-Caryophyllene Terpene Compound
  • Formula – C15H24
  • Boiling Poing – 266°F (130°C)
  • Molar Mass – 204.36 /mol
  • Aroma – Peppery, spicy and woody
  • Potential Effects – Stress reliever
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – Treats ulcers, acts as an anti-anxiety, antidepressant and relieves pain
  • Also Found In – cinnamon, black pepper, cloves
  1. Terpinolene Terpene Compound
  • Formula – C10H16
  • Boiling Poing – 365°F (185°C)
  • Molar Mass – 136.23 g/mol
  • Aroma – pine, floral, herbal
  • Potential Effects – Sedative
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – antifungal and antibacterial properties, protects against cancer and provides antioxidant protection
  • Also Found In – tea tree, nutmeg, apples, cumin, conifers and lilacs
  1. Guaiol Terpene Compound
  • Boiling Poing – 197°F (92°C)
  • Molar Mass – 136.23 g/mol
  • Aroma – pine
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – relieves inflammation and provides antimicrobial protection
  • Also Found In – cypress pine and guaiacum
  1. Ocimene Terpene Compound
  • Formula – C10H16
  • Boiling Poing – 122°F (50°C)
  • Molar Mass – 136.24 g/mol
  • Aroma – fruity, slightly acidic, herbaceous, sweet and woody
  • Potential Medicinal Uses – acts as a decongestant, provides antifungal and antiviral protections and relieves inflammation
  • Also Found In – mangoes, pepper, parsley, orchids, kumquats and mint

There is a large selection of terpenes on the market. Each terpene offers a host of benefits and characteristics. Unfortunately, many of the hemp-derived CBD products do not contain these potent terpenes.

However, an increasing number of CBD products are adding these natural terpene extracts to their products. Leading companies perform potency tests to ensure that each batch has the appropriate amount of these compounds. Consumers can verify lab results on a variety of products online to ensure the individual product contains the terpenes needed for their unique medicinal needs.